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Brief Introduction Of Municipality

Geographical Position, Area and Boundaries:

According to the new administrative structure of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Kohalpur Municipality is located in Banke District of Lumbini Province. Based on the hemisphere of the earth, Kohalpur municipality is located at 28 degrees 7 minutes 12 seconds to 18 minutes 54 seconds north latitude and 81 degrees 38 minutes 24 seconds to 81 degrees 49 minutes 51.6 seconds east longitude. This municipality is located in the Midwestern Terai region of Nepal. The total area of the municipality is 184.26 square km. is Kohalpur municipality has Raptisonari rural municipality in the east, Baijnath rural municipality in the west, Chure hill range of Salyan district in the north, and Janki rural municipality and Nepalgunj sub-metropolitan municipality in the south. 10 km from Nepalgunj, the headquarters of Banke district. In the past, Kohalpur municipality on the north side was in the Bheri Zone and the Midwestern Development Zone.

Naming of Kohalpur: It is believed that the name of this municipality was derived from the oil extraction coll. Coll is a domestic device made of wood that produces oil by grinding oilseeds like mustard, alas, etc.

Establishment of Municipality: According to the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Government of Nepal dated B.S 2071 Baisakh 25th, Kohalpur, and Rajena VDCs of existing were officially. This Kohalpur municipality was established on the day of Jyeshtha 7, 2071. Later, some parts of Samshergunj govt. Adjustments were made in Kohalpur municipality in 2073.

Administrative Division: Kohalpur Municipality is located in Banke District of Lumbini Province, Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. There are a total of 15 wards in this municipality. Constituency Division No. "B" of 1 and constituency no. It belongs to 1.

Population and Tribal Communities: According to the details of the Household Survey, 2073 given in Kohalpur City Profile-2074, there are 17,689 households and a total population of 87,300 in Kohalpur Municipality. The average population growth rate is 3.53 percent. Based on caste community, out of the total population in Kohalpur, Hill Dalits (11 percent), Madhesi Dalits (2.2 percent), Hill Tribes and Tribals (9.8 percent), Madhesi Tribes and Tribals (26.9 percent), Hill Brahmins/Kshetri/Thakuri / Sanyasi (43.6 percent), Madhesi Brahmin/ Kshatriya/Rajput (2 percent), Muslim (2.7 percent), Hill other (0.5 percent), Madhesi other (1.3 percent) caste including Khatik, Chidimar Endangered and marginalized communities like Adi live there.

Language community: According to Kohalpur city profile, out of the total population of Kohalpur Municipality, Nepali speakers are 69.24 percent, Tharu 24.51 percent, Period 4.7 percent, Hindi 1.1 percent and Magarkham, Maithili, Doteli, Gurung, Bhote and others are less than 1 percent.

Climate: The climate of this region is subtropical. The maximum temperature of this municipal area reaches 46 degrees Celsius in summer and the minimum temperature reaches 4 degrees Celsius in winter. The annual rainfall here is 1912 mm. It happens. Relative humidity averages 71.4 percent.

Transportation: From Kohalpur, Nepalgunj, Karnali Province, Kanchanpur Gaddachouki on the west border, and Butwal, Narayanghat on the east, going to various cities of eastern Nepal including Kathmandu are available. Surkhet is 85 km, Mahendranagar 200 km, and Kathmandu 535 km from here. In Kohalpur, there is a meeting point (crossroad) of four roads that meet the East-West Mahendra Highway and Ratna Highway from Nepalgunj to Surkhet to Karnali Pradesh. Therefore, in terms of transportation facilities, Kohalpur is considered the gateway to Far West and Karnali Province from Mahendra Highway. Even within the Kohalpur municipality area, there are road routes where motor vehicles ply throughout the year to go from one place to another. Nepalgunj Airport is located at a distance of 13 km from here. From this airport, there are flights to Kathmandu, Karnali and the hilly districts of Sudurpaschim Province. Kohalpur has helipads for bringing patients from remote hilly districts and for emergency rescue work.

River, Lake and Wetland: Duduwakhola, Kiranala, Sano Duduwanala, Itanala, Rohinikhola, Ranighat and other rivers flow in the area of about 60 km of this municipal area. Bhutaiya Lake, Jorte Tappar, Jorte Wetlands and Lake are the lakes in this municipality.

Religious places: Kohalpur is a religiously diverse city. There are religious places of different religions that reflect religious tolerance. Kalika temple, Shiva temple, Manakamana temple, Shivalaya, Radhakrishna temple, Vaishnodevi temple, Jagannath Kiran Bhavani, Ramjanaki temple, Ranighat temple and dozens of Hindu religious temples are there in this municipality. Williver's Church, Bethel Church, Geshmi Church etc. are the main churches of Christians. Jahamia Masjid, Jahamia Qadri etc. are the religious places of Muslim devotees here. There is also a Buddhist Stupa here.

Playground: There are various playgrounds here. International Cricket Ground, Thirteen Bigha Football Ground, Shahid Manch in Kohalpur Bazar etc. are the main sports grounds here. In addition, some secondary schools also have a wide variety of playgrounds.

Available government services and facilities: Kohalpur is a municipality that is developing as a modern city with facilities. Municipal executive office, municipal executive branch office and ward offices are located here. There are various regional offices and government institutions of the federal and state governments here. Land Reform and Land Revenue Office, Survey Office, Area Administration Office, Tourism Office, Area Police Office, Regional Traffic Police Office, Armed Police Force, Nepali Army's Midwest Pritna Training School, Higher Secondary Education Council, Internal Revenue Research Office, Banke National Park, Health Post and Ayurveda Dispensary are the major government offices here. The regional building of Nepal Rastra Bank is under construction.

Federal and State Government Offices: Land Reform and Land Revenue Office, Survey Office, Area Administration Office, Area Police Office, National Examination Board, Regional Office of Technical and Vocational Training Council, Banke National Park are the federal government offices located here. There is an office of the regional tourism board of the provincial government.

Government Institutions: Nepal Electricity Authority, Nepal Telecom, Nepal Television Regional Broadcasting Service, Gorkha Patra Institute Regional Office, National Commercial Bank, Nepal Bank Limited, Agricultural Development Bank etc. are the major government institutions in this municipality.

Drinking water: Kohalpur small town water supply project, Virat water supply project are water supply projects run in the municipality. These projects have provided drinking water through pipes by drawing underground water in the municipality.

Healthcare: Kohalpur municipality has a city hospital, a city health promotion center, 13 health centers, 1 Ayurveda dispensary, 1 sickle cell anemia lab, a private medical college, 3 private hospitals. Recently, a hospital with 15 beds is being constructed from Kohalpur municipality.

Electricity and Communication: Electricity service is available from the central transmission of Nepal Electricity Authority in almost all the wards and rural settlements of this municipality. Landline, prepaid and postpaid mobile phone service and ADSL internet service are available from Nepal Telecom in almost all market areas of the municipality. Prepaid mobile phone service and data internet service is available from Ncell Telecom. In addition to this, there are also service provider companies that provide internet to home offices through optical fiber in Kohalpur. The western edition of Gorkhapatra Daily, the official and government national daily newspaper of Nepal, is published from Kohalpur itself. Similarly, Kantipur, Nagarik News Paschim Today, Newspaper Daily, Naya Patrika Daily are national newspapers that are available every morning. Mission Today, Yugayan Daily are popular newspapers published in the local market here.

Radio Broadcasting Service: Central and regional medium wave (576 kHz Surkhet) and FM (100 MHz Chamere Danda) broadcast services of Radio Nepal can be heard in Kohalpur. In addition to this, Kohlapur FM (101.2 MHz), Pratibodh FM (102.4 MHz) and Radio Mission (103.5 MHz) broadcast national, local and international news, entertainment, interviews, live reporting of local activities, educational programs for the city dwellers at the local level. And they broadcast community awareness programs and advertisements for business promotion. These broadcasts can also be heard through the internet website and social network links created by the respective radio stations.

Television Broadcasting Service: There is a regional broadcasting center of Nepal Television in Kohalpur. From this broadcasting center, audio-visual programs are also broadcast from a separate channel called Kohalpur TV, including the central broadcasting of Nepal Television. These broadcasts can be seen and heard on TV through local television cable services and dish services including the Internet.

Groups and networks: In this Kohalpur municipality, organized and organized groups such as toll reading group, targeted class network, children's network, children's club, community forest user committee, local youth club, mother's group, savings and self-reliance, Dari Gang etc.  are active in the works. In addition to this, in this municipality various non-governmental organizations are doing various development and awareness-raising activities in various thematic areas such as good governance, local governance, and social reconciliation.

Youth and Sports: Within this municipal area, 10 youth clubs are active, in which 777 youths are affiliated. Similarly, 28 children's clubs have been formed and are active in the city. 527 children are members of these clubs and the ratio of girls is 58 percent. Ward No. within the city area. There is a cricket playground in Ward No. 11 and a playground in Ward No. 13, Ranighat. Similarly, there are sports and entertainment venues in 7 different places in the city.

Information, Communication and Technology: In the municipal area, there are landline telephone line number 2656, ADS service 799, GSS postpaid mobile 1665, GSS prepaid mobile 51490 and Sky prepaid mobile 6824. 83 percent of the households in the municipality have access to television, 31 percent of households have access to computers and 13 percent have access to internet services. Internet service is available in all 15 ward offices of the municipality. Only 3 health institutions including Rajhena, Kohalpur, Samshergunj of the municipality have internet facilities while 6 secondary schools have internet facilities. Computer software for registration invoice, business registration, revenue, accounting, GIS, personnel management system, EHMIS, EMIS, organization registration is available in the municipal executive office. The municipality has its own interactive website and mobile app and information is being updated regularly through it.

Disaster Management: Among the various disaster risks in this municipal area, the effects of hurricanes, fires, floods, road accidents, earthquakes and snake bites are prominent. A Municipal Disaster Management Committee has been formed in the municipality to deal with disaster prevention and pre-preparation, response and rehabilitation and recovery in a policy and practical manner, while a local emergency operation center has been established and is in operation. Early warning devices for floods and lightning have been installed in sensitive areas of the municipality. (not in function now). A disaster response plan of the municipality has been created with the facilitation of Nepal Red Cross for disaster response. Red Cross workers and volunteers have been mobilized in each ward.

Probability: Development as a geographical, residential, commercial and educational confluence: Located in a strategically important location in western Nepal, this municipality has the characteristics of a geographical, residential, commercial and educational confluence. This municipality is connected to Banke National Park which is important from the point of view of biological diversity and conservation and is located near the internationally known Bardia National Park. As it is also the gateway to Lumbini Province and Karnali Province, there is a possibility to develop it as a model residential and business center of the province and Nepal. Therefore, according to the above characteristics, this municipality will be developed as a model geographical, residential, commercial and educational city of Nepal.

Problems and Challenges: Public schools that provide quality, professional and life-useful education have not been developed in this municipality, which has been declared fully literate. There is a situation where community schools are not distributed proportionally based on the population of the community. In most of the schools in this city, the student-teacher ratio is not appropriate, and there is a need to arrange teachers according to the number of students. Another problem is that technical education and vocational training are conducted in only 2 schools in this city, which has great potential in the field of education. Due to the lack of provision of female-friendly toilets, provision of sanitary pads and provision of child- and disabled-friendly infrastructure in most schools, child-friendly structures and learning are not being implemented. The rate of dropping out of school is increasing day by day, the lack of infrastructure and facilities for child-friendly learning and sports and recreation in the child development centers, and the inability to establish community learning centers at the ward level also seem to be challenges. Due to parents' lack of interest in the educational status of their children, negative thinking towards education and lack of discipline have also started to be seen among students. There is difficulty in building understanding and understanding between the school management committee and the teachers and the educational environment has not been improved due to the mismatch between the principal and the teachers. Regularity of teachers and students, availability of science laboratories, computers, teachers and information technology tools, lack of library, non-establishment of educational library and lack of regularity in extracurricular activities are having a negative impact on quality education. In addition to this, the existing education system is literacy-oriented and the number of people who drop out of education has increased due to lack of life-useful, professional and employment-oriented curriculum and educational system according to market and time demands.